Philosophy of Science
An Introduction for Future Knowledge Workers
The student s future as a knowledge worker is the starting point of this book on the PHILOSPHY OF SCIENCE. With this in mind, the book combines a review of philosophical positions and problems with practical examples and perspectives gained from everyday challenges faced by knowledge workers in their businesses and organizations.
Through the use of summative chapters, highlighted key concepts, questions for reflection, and illustrative examples of how you can work with the theories presented, Andreas Beck Holm provides a clear and accessible introduction to this challenging subject.
PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE primarily addresses students studying language, communication, marketing, economics, and management. However, the survey of the theoretical schools of thought, as well as the discussions on research ethics and the role of research in society, will be equally relevant for other students in the humanities and the natural and social sciences.
In this second edition of this widely used introduction to philosophy of science, some chapters have been revised, the discussion of recent cases and problems has been added to the text as well as a brand new chapter on pragmatism.
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Chapter 1 · Introduction 11
PART 1 · CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
Chapter 2 · Positivism: The First Philosophy of Science 23
Chapter 3 · The Critical Rationalism of Popper 45
Chapter 4 · Pragmatism 59
Chapter 5 · Kuhn's Theory of Paradigms 73
Chapter 6 · A Summary of the Classical Philosophies of Science 91
PART 2 · PHILOSOPHIES OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
Chapter 7 · Hermeneutics 101
Chapter 8 · Structuralism 119
Chapter 9 · Social Constructivism 141
Chapter 10 · A Summary of the Philosophies of the Social Sciences 163
PART 3 · SELECTED THEMES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
Chapter 11 · What is a Society, and What is Social Science? Durkheim, Marx, and Weber 175
Chapter 12 · Science, Politics, and Society 197
Chapter 13 · Science and Ethics 219
Chapter 14 · A Summary of Selected Themes in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences 245
Chapter 15 · Conclusion 251
Significant Theorists: An Overview 255